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Saturday, December 27, 2014

Deep Publishing Intrigue: Publishing Activism Targeted Overpriced Academic Journals - Now It's Freeing Financial Journalism

Print version of the 'Daily Paywall'
on sale in New York City
Interesting, interesting, interesting! An enlightened individual, Paolo Cirio, has hacked into the paywalls of the top financial newspapers and magazines (such as the WSJ, the Financial Times and the Economist) and has published over 60,000 pirated articles for the general public on his newly launched site 'The Daily Paywall' AND he even pays you to read them! 

Is this right or wrong? Well, you decide. But, he (and I) "strongly believe that information must be free and knowledge accessible for everyone, especially if the material regards corrupted global economy and politics, because access to it would enhance democracy."

These financial publications have other means to grow readership and revenue, other than through the subscription model, such as other popular media employ like 'The Guardian' and 'VICE'. 

Paolo Cirio describes just how he hacked the stubborn censorship paywalls and how he he structured his 'Daily Paywall' site to allow the hacked-article authors to get paid.

Interesting and intriguing stuff.

Now this from the Motherboard section of The New York Times written by Brian Merchant:

Behind the Daily Paywall: The Site that Pays You to Read Pirated Articles

The ​Daily Paywall is a new website that's loaded with tens of thousands of pirated articles from some of the world's top paywalled newspapers, and its proprietor will pay you to read them.

Anyone who's spent any amount of time online knows what it's like to hit a paywall—you click the link, get a prompt to subscribe for access, perhaps experience a brief pang of disappointment, shrug, and move on your way. Thousands of bits of reportage and information remain sealed off.
Since 1997, when the Wall Street Journal became the first major newspaper to block its content from non-subscribers, a number of outlets have followed suit in fortifying their walls to protect revenue. Paolo Cirio is trying to knock them down. 
The digital artist—perhaps best known for installing "ghosts," images gleaned off Google Street View, ​on real-life city streetshas "hacked" into the paywalls of financial newspapers to share their content with the global public. Now, he's published 60,000 pirated articles from the WSJFinancial Times, and The Economist on his newly launched siteHe has also distributed a number of curated print versions containing topical selections of the previously walled-off content around New York City.
But his subversion doesn't end there; Cirio also wants to pay you to read the pirated stories. If a reader correctly answers a quiz about a piece re-published on the Daily Paywall, he or she will earn $1. 
Cirio describes the project as "a cocktail of share economy, crowdfunding, piracy, art market and labour exploitation for making political propaganda." In a series of emails, he explained how he executed the project, which he acknowledges will prove "controversial." 
"I paid subscription to the main financial newspapers, then I coded a script that automatically logs in WSJ, FT and The Economist a hundred times a day," he said. "Through the RSS channels, that they provide, the script gets access directly to every content they publish which successively gets sucked into my database on DailyPaywall.com. I've been doing so for the 12 months, my script has been running [a] thousand times a month in [the] background on my server."
And that's where the hacking comes in.
"To log in automatically through a script I had to hack [their] authentication system and cookies session, strangely enough all of them used similar technology. Yet, WSJ has increased they security just a month ago and so I had to get deeper in hacking them. Sick!"
Cirio has set up a donation system, wherein readers can donate to the project, to the journalists whose work you're reading, or to him.


"It's a crowd funding system, the money comes from who wants to pay someone else to read, plus other form of revenue in exchange of artworks or ads," he said. "In addition, authors of hacked articles are invited to claim payment."
I've requested comment from both the Wall Street Journal and the Financial Times, and have yet to hear back from either. 
As to the philosophical underpinnings of his project, Cirio explains it thusly:
"Ultimately, I leave for a question, regarding the subscriptions of those financial publications, do you think they really need extra revenues from subscribers while other popular media are getting more readers without subscriptions, es. VICE, The Guardian, etc?" 
"This project poses several questions that can't be answered through the common understanding that worn-out models and conventions are imposing on us," he said. "I strongly believe that information must be free and knowledge accessible for everyone, especially if the material regards corrupted global economy and politics, because access to it would enhance democracy." 
Comparisons are bound to be drawn to Aaron Swartz's advocacy—his activism targeted overpriced academic journals, while Cirio is trying to free financial journalism.
"So, as an open access activist, I will always proudly break barriers to access information and as artist I'll always provide settings to understands it better."

Resource Article: http://motherboard.vice.com/read/behind-the-daily-paywall-the-site-that-pays-you-to-read-pirated-articles
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